Hair transplantation also has a journey through time and periods in which it develops. Thanks to many medical and technological developments since the first hair transplantation process, hair transplantation methods applied today are much more advanced. If you are considering a hair transplant, you may be wondering about the history of hair transplant. In this article, we will try to explain the history and developments of hair transplantation that you are curious about.
Hair transplantation application; It is the process of transferring the hair follicle seeds taken from the donor area to the balding area as a result of the shedding and thinning of the scalp due to genetic or environmental factors. The first trials in the field of hair transplantation were made in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the 19th century, it was made in the form of surgical grafting of the part of the scalp removed by surgical operation to another region. The use of free hair follicle seeds (grafts) was also applied in the 19th century with the experienced vaccinations. Hair transplantation practices have developed over time and the success rate of the techniques used today has increased gradually. Thanks to the experiences gained from those years until today, the number of people who are experts in the field of hair transplantation and who have permanent healthy hair with techniques is increasing.
The First Known Hair Transplant In History
The hair transplant transplant, which was recorded by a medical student and teacher in Germany in 1822, went down in history as the documented provincial transplant. Even if there is hope for people with hair loss and baldness problems with this transplant, it has not been mentioned for a long time beyond a few attempts. In this first procedure, the scalp was taken from one area of the head and applied to another area.
Another application, which is among the oldest hair transplantation applications in the records, is the operation of transferring the scalp to the bald area for a person who has become bald as a result of infection. The main purpose of this procedure is to close the scars caused by the infection.
Another remarkable application among the hair transplant experiments conducted in the past is the transplant experiments performed with animal skin and hair by J.Dieffenbach. In his later works, he made a name for himself in the history of hair transplantation by transplanting his own scalp into his arm. With this application, which is a big step in the history of hair transplantation, new initiatives have been made in the name of developments.
The Foundation Of Modern Hair Transplantation 1930s
It was applied by the Japanese dermatologist Doctor Sasawaga in the 1930s, which is considered the beginning of modern hair transplantation. Firstly, experiments on eyebrow and eyelash transplantation II. It was interrupted by the onset of World War II. Even though Dieffenbach is one of the first to try the transplant process, the person who started the modern hair transplant procedure is considered to be Dr.sasawaga. According to the technique developed by Dr. Sasawag, it is applied by taking a piece of skin containing hair follicles and making small holes on the bald or damaged scalp and placing the hairy hair into these holes. It was observed that this method, which he called the drilling technique, was successful in the following period. Due to the war, this discovery of Sasawaga was suspended for years without the knowledge of the world in general.
Hair Transplant Developments In The 1980s
The hair transplantation technique, which was applied before in the 1980s, started to be done by creating a thinned hair line. By the end of the 80s, a more natural appearance began to be obtained thanks to the micro-hair follicles used.
Modern Hair Transplantation Practices In 1990
In these years, hair transplantation is frequently applied as a known and applied treatment method throughout the world. New methods and techniques were also introduced in this period. One of them is the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) method.
In this method, the expert can apply thousands of hair root seeds in a single session. In this way, a solution to large baldness has been found. However, although it provides the opportunity to apply to large areas, the FUT technique, which causes horizontal scars at the same rate, was used until the FUE method, which is a new technique in 2004.
Modern Hair Transplantation Developments Today
18th-19th. Hair transplantation experiments, which have come from centuries until today, have developed step by step with their first applications in the 1930s and have come to the present day. In addition to the developments in technology, thanks to the development of the hand skills of the experts, hair transplantation operations are performed that do not leave any more natural traces. Let’s examine some of the methods used today together;
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): In short, it is the process of placing the hair follicle seeds collected from the donor area into the channels opening to the balding area.
- Direct Hair Implantation (DHI): hair follicle seeds collected with the help of a medical pen called a special choi are applied to the bald area with the help of the same pen.
- Direct Hair Implantation and Follicular Unit Extraction (mixed hair transplantation): It is a hair transplantation method in which fue and dhi methods are used together.
- Sapphire Hair Transplantation: It is done by placing the collected hair root seeds into the channels opened with the help of special sapphire-tipped micro motors.
- Ice-Fue Hair Transplantation: It is the process of placing the hair follicle seeds collected by the fue method into the channels to be planted after they are strengthened by taking them into a special cold solution.
Using these methods, beard, mustache and eyebrow transplants are also carried out today, and some applications can be done without shaving.